Freedmen's Contract with Henry A. Middleton, February 1868

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Document Description:

This contract between H.A. Middleton and over a hundred freedmen from 1868 outlines the conditions under which the freedmen will work for Middleton at Weehaw Plantation. The six conditions of the contract discuss what work the freedmen agree to perform for the year in exchange for one third of the rice crop, one bushel of corn a month, and a small plot of land for growing their own crops. These conditions give the plantation owner control over the freedmen, explaining that the freedmen must complete any work that the owner deems necessary, with a loss of one peck of rice for any day missed due to sickness, absence, or neglect of work.


Freedman contract with H.A. Middleton from Georgetown District, 1868.  Middleton Family papers.  Call #12/162/8.  South Carolina Historical Society, Charleston, South Carolina.

Correlating SC Social Studies Academic Standards:

Standard USHC 8-4: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the impact of Reconstruction on the people and government of South Carolina.

Indicator 8-4.2 Summarize Reconstruction in South Carolina and its effects on daily life in South Carolina, including the experiences of plantation owners, small farmers, freedmen, women, and northern immigrants.

Note: Although this document was originally posted as part of a lessonspecifically designed to teach the above standard, other Social Studies Standards may apply.

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Lessons Using This Document:

Where Do We Go From Here? - Eighth Grade